Gibraltar lies at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula and covers 7 sq. km. The famous Rock of Gibraltar rises to 426 meters (1,396 feet) above sea level at its highest point and towers above the Strait of Gibraltar, the strategic waterway that connects the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Spanish enclave of Ceuta in North Africa lies directly opposite just 14 Km (9 miles) away and the Moroccan city of Tangier is 51 Km (32 miles) away at the western end of the strait.
The Spanish town of La Linea de la Concepción lies beyond the narrow isthmus joining Gibraltar to the Spanish mainland. Gibraltar airport is built across this isthmus. The temperature can reach as high as 40°C in the summer months of July and August, with lows of 10°C in January and February.
Normally, though, the winter temperature does not fall below 13°C and in summer, it generally ranges between 28°C and 33°C. Climatic conditions are further affected by the pressure differences that can exist between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, resulting in strong winds. Westerly and southerly winds bring hotter, drier weather, whereas the easterlies produce cooler humid conditions.